I say What You Never Wanted To Know, because no one wants to be arrested for a DUI and have to deal with jail, costs, stress, time wasted in court and classes etc. However to understand a DUI, you need to understand you do not have to be drunk. The correct charge is a Driving Under the Influence (DUI). You merely have to be Under the Influence; Impaired or Buzzed from the alcohol and or a drug. This is determined by the Preliminary Alcohol Screening (PAS) Test at the scene or the Breath or Blood test at the station.
Driving Under the Influence has always been called a DEUCE. This is because the Vehicle Code violation has always ended in a 2 and thus drunk drivers are referred to as “deuced”. A DUI was first called a 502 requiring a .15 reading. Next it was a 23102 requiring a .10 reading.
Some juries returned not guilty verdicts thinking the driver was not DRUNK because they drove without getting into an accident. Defense lawyers argued to the jury that the driver complied and produced their driver’s license and insurance when asked and the driver did not fall down while exiting the car.
Today it’s a 23152 (a & b) of the Vehicle Code, thus allowing the DA to file the two counts. One is Driving under the Influence and the second count is Driving with a BA level of .08 or more. Many juries now split the baby and find the driver innocent of one count and guilty of the other. If there is a guilty verdict of either count it is a DUI with the same sentence.
In California you are under the influence if your ability to drive is impaired. Impairment takes place when your blood alcohol reading is .08 or higher with either the Breath or Blood test at the station. Thus, if you are driving on a California road with .08 or higher the burden of proof almost reverts back to you, to show that you weren’t under the influence and/or your blood alcohol was not .08.
There are two different entities after you with a DUI… DMV and Court. DMV is an administrative agency that does not follow the Rules of Evidence. The DMV Hearing Officer does not have any legal training and is both the presiding judge and the prosecutor. Thus s/he rules on their own objections.
For the DMV hearing, the DMV Hearing Officer can proceed with just the one (1) page DS 367 Report. They do not have to provide the defense with a complete police report nor have an officer testify at the hearing. This is because the hearing is statutory and if you have a .08 you are presumed to be DUI.
The hearing is conducted like a miniature trial, but without a jury and with somewhat different rules of evidence. The defenses tend to be more “technical” than in court with procedure and bureaucratic errors often the grounds for a “set-aside” of the suspension. Testimony can be produced by both sides, although the hearing officer usually only produces documents, such as police reports, lab reports and the officers sworn affidavit.
Because there is no 5th Amendment right against self-incrimination at the hearing, we usually choose not to have our client at the hearing. This is because the client could be called by the hearing officer as a witness and testimony will be taped and can be used by the DA in court.
After the DMV hearing the hearing officer will take the matter under submission and send you a letter, at your driver’s license address, notifying you of their decision. They do not give us their decision over the phone.
In my opinion, the hearing officers do not have the nerve to tell us over the phone that you have lost and the reason for their Ruling. They have often sent out, what looks like a form letter, by the time we have completed the DMV hearing. It advises the driver they lost the hearing.
I too was trained to do this when I sat as a Judge Pro-Tem for traffic matters. It is easier to say you are taking it under submission and will notify the defendant of the verdict via mail. That avoids a conflict in the courtroom. Once again, something like 98% of DMV hearings are lost by California Drivers.
Historically DMV suspends your license for four months on a first offense DUI or 5 months if you ask for a restricted license. You can request a restricted license 30 days after the DMV suspension. This restricted license allows the driver to drive to and from work and a DUI program.
Whatever you do, hire a local lawyer and do not attempt to handle a DUI yourself, or better yet…
DON’T DRINK AND DRIVE OR TEXT, CALL A TAXI, UBER OR LYFT………IT IS A LOT CHEAPER THAN HAVING A DUI OR ACCIDENT AND CALLING ME.
ARTICLE IDEAS? DALE GRIBOW firstname.lastname@example.org.
“TOP LAWYER” – Palm Springs Life 2011-2020 (DUI)
“TOP LAWYER” Inland Empire Magazine Nov ’16-19
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