BY DR PETER KADILE
Turkey and Tryptophan
It is commonly thought that eating turkey will cause sleepiness because it contains tryptophan. Tryptophan is an amino acid that enters the brain and forms serotonin, which then gets converted to the sleep inducing hormone melatonin. But research has shown that turkey doesn’t trigger sleep any more than other foods. Gram for gram, cheddar cheese actually contains more tryptophan than turkey does.
So why do we get sleepy after eating a big Thanksgiving meal? It has to do with the large amounts of carbohydrates and alcohol associated with the celebration. The large amounts of stuffing, mashed potatoes, pumpkin pie, deserts, cocktails, beer and wine will trigger the release of insulin which will lower your blood sugar. The sudden decline in blood sugar can cause lethargy and drowsiness. The insulin will also remove most amino acids from the blood, except tryptophan, allowing tryptophan to enter the brain and ultimately form melatonin.
So basically, any big meal containing tryptophan and a lot of carbohydrates can trigger sleepiness, not just turkey. And don’t forget, if alcohol is part of your Thanksgiving dinner, it can also trigger sleepiness.
Cranberries are a staple of the Thanksgiving meal. Cranberries do have health benefits.
The cranberry is best known for its role in preventing urinary tract infections. The high level of antioxidants called proanthocyanidins (PACs) in cranberries helps to stop certain bacteria from sticking to the walls of the urinary tract, thus preventing infection. Recent research has shown that cranberry capsules, not cranberry juice, are effective in treating urinary tract infections.
Cranberries may be helpful for heart health by helping decrease inflammation and may help slow progression of tumor growth of certain cancers.
The antioxidants in cranberries also have dental benefits by preventing bacteria from attaching to teeth and preventing gum disease.
Out of all the possible pies that may be served this Thursday, pumpkin pie may be the most nutritious.
Pumpkin is one of the best sources of carotenoids (antioxidants) and lutein (important for eye health).
Pumpkin pie is rich in fiber and potassium and has some calcium, iron, vitamin C, B vitamins and other nutrients. Canned pumpkin, often used in pies, has even more carotenoids and nutrients, ounce for ounce, than fresh because it is more concentrated (cooking eliminates much of the water). How healthy pumpkin pie is depends on the particular recipe, too much sugar, shortening and whipped cream will certainly decrease the nutritional benefits.