Service dogs are the eyes for those who cannot see, the leaders for people unable to walk, and the healers for those suffering from emotional illnesses such as post- traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). For some service dogs, it all began behind bars….

Before Puppies Behind Bars began, an inmate named Tom spent most days watching television in his cell and pumping iron. Tom spent over thirty years in prison on a conviction for second degree murder. Tom explained the difference the dogs made in his life, “In the prison system, you shut down your feelings. You gotta do that to survive, because it’s hard. But the dogs brought me back, you know, to the human side.” He had an incredible success rate of 6-0 with all his dogs successfully graduating, a success that gave him status within the prison and hope within himself. Tom took on a dog that was failing in the program, a beautiful Golden Retriever named Tuesday, a dog that later became the subject of a best- selling book UNTIL TUESDAY. Tom began his relationship with Tuesday by simply laying down beside him for three hours without saying a word. He describes his first impression of Tuesday, “Tuesday has such sad eyes, especially when he’s wounded, that at seven months old he probably looked like exactly what he was: a lost kid. When I think of him then, I see a perfect picture of longing, of innocence at the moment he discovers there is pain in the world.”

Tom looks back on those days, “The only way the prison system could win was to get me to hate, and being around the dogs and everything, the hate was totally out of the picture.” Today Tom owns a dog training business with his wife, providing a second chance for troubled dogs that others gave up on, including many pit bulls. Inmates who participate in the Puppies Behind Bars program acquire job skills and exit prison to enter careers as vet technicians, kennel workers, and animal trainers.

Founded in 1997, this innovative program in New York initially trained dogs for people with physical disabilities. After 9/11, there was an increased demand for bomb sniffing dogs. Later they began training dogs to assist veterans returning home from Iraq and Afghanistan with PTSD, acquired brain injuries, and physical conditions. The dogs spend 20 months with their inmate trainers, living with them in their cells. Here, it’s the dogs who get weekend furloughs in outside homes to gain exposure to things they don’t encounter in prison such as doorbells and elevators. The dogs learn an amazing 80 commands.


A similar program, Pups on Parole, began in Las Vegas when a rescue group called Heaven Can Wait Animal Society didn’t have enough foster homes for the dogs they rescued. The dogs are placed with specially chosen inmates in the female correctional facility. The abandoned and sometimes abused dogs needed a place to heal before going to adoptive homes in the community. Inmates have all the time in the world, but for dogs on “death row” in shelters, time is of the essence. Famed trainer Cesar Milan helped develop the training curriculum. One of the program coordinators wrote this poem about her experience:

Little one…so full of fear
No one’s gonna hurt you here.
Soon, you’ll see, how it feels to trust
cuz, you’ve been rescued, just like us.
We promise that it’s not too late
because we all know that Heaven can wait.
Forget the broken road you’ve traveled on
for, yesterday has come and gone.
That’s a lesson, we must all learn
and now, little one…it is your turn.
Come with us, walk by our side
hold your tail up high with pride.
And in the end, when we’re all through
there’ll be a family just waiting for you.
Because, Little one… so full of fear
no one’s gonna hurt you here.
T. Haga

Sister Pauline Quinn started a pet prison program in the State of Washington. Results from that program show that only one participating inmate who was released has reoffended and returned to prison! Prison inmates, abandoned shelter dogs, people with disabilities, are all connected by a desire for a productive life. The program generates revenue by offering low cost boarding and grooming to the public.

Why can’t we start a program like this in California prisons? California inmates have a recidivism rate of 67%. They come out of prison with few job skills after learning unsavory “tricks of the trade” from fellow offenders. Meanwhile, our shelter dogs whose only crime is not having a home, languish behind bars without hope. It costs California taxpayers an average of $47,000 per year to house an inmate. It costs California taxpayers an average of $426 to capture, house, and then euthanize a shelter animal. Who rescues who? Not every inmate can be rehabilitated. But for many, after exposure to these wonderful canine creatures, confidence replaces fear, purpose replaces idleness, and hope for a better future replaces anger.

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