What you need to know about this new technology…

By Dennis Shelly

EggHead IT

What is 5G?

The fifth-generation mobile network is referred to as 5G. After 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G networks, it is a new global wireless standard. “5G” allows for the creation of a new type of network that connects practically everyone and everything, including machines, objects, and devices. 5G wireless technology is designed to provide multi-gigabit per second peak data rates, ultra-low latency, enhanced reliability, enormous network capacity, increased availability, and a more consistent user experience to a larger number of users. Higher performance and efficiency allow for new user experiences and industry connections.

How does it work?

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Radio frequencies (also known as spectrums) are used in wireless communications systems to transmit data across long distances. Long-Term Evolution (LTE) wireless technology of the fourth generation (4G) serves as the foundation for 5G. 5G is similar to 4G, however, it uses higher radio frequencies that are less crowded. This enables it to transport more data at a much quicker rate. The use of multiple small cells is required because the millimeter wave (MM wave) spectrum—the band of spectrum between 30 and 300 gigahertz (GHz) on which 5G relies to generate high speeds—can only travel short distances and is susceptible to interference from weather and physical obstacles such as buildings or trees. To address this issue, 5G could employ multiple input and output antennas to increase signal and capacity across the wireless network. Smaller transmitters could also be used in the technology. Rather than employing single stand-alone masts, they are mounted on buildings and street furniture. According to current estimates, 5G will be able to handle up to 1,000 more devices per meter than 4G.

In addition, 5G technology will be able to ‘slice’ a physical network into several virtual networks. This implies that operators will be able to offer the appropriate network slice based on how it is utilized, allowing them to better manage their networks. This implies that an operator, for example, will be able to employ varied slice capacities based on importance. A single user streaming a movie, for example, would utilize a different slice of a business’s network, while simpler devices might be isolated from more complicated and demanding applications, such as controlling driverless vehicles. Businesses would also be able to rent their own isolated and insulated network slice, according to plans.

What impact will 5G have on me?

5G is intended to change our lives by providing faster download speeds, lower latency, and more capacity and connection for billions of devices, particularly in the fields of virtual reality (VR), the Internet of Things (IoT), and artificial intelligence (AI). For example, 5G enables new and better experiences such as near-instant access to cloud services, multiplayer cloud gaming, augmented reality purchasing, real-time video translation and collaboration, and more.

Where can you find 5G Wireless technology?

In general, 5G is employed in three types of connected services: improved mobile broadband, mission-critical communications, and massive IoT. One distinguishing feature of 5G is that it is intended for forward compatibility—the capacity to support future services that are not yet available.

Improved mobile broadband

In addition to improving our devices, 5G mobile technology has the potential to bring in new immersive experiences such as VR and AR by enabling faster, more consistent data rates, reduced latency, and lower cost-per-bit.

Mission Critical Communications

With ultra-reliable, accessible, low-latency connectivity, 5G can allow new services that can change industries, such as remote control of key infrastructure, cars, and medical operations.

Massive IoT

5G is intended to seamlessly link a massive number of embedded sensors in almost anything by allowing data rates, power, and mobility to scale down—providing extremely lean and low-cost connectivity solutions.

Is 5G going to affect my home internet service?

5G has the potential to transform home internet service by offering a wireless modem alternative to current wires. Internet Service Providers (ISPs) may now serve consumers via 5G infrastructure, making 5G an attractive backhaul option to fiber, DSL, or cabled solutions due to its coverage, performance, and deployment flexibility.

Is 5G currently available? When will 5G be available to more people?

5G is already here, and worldwide operators began rolling out new 5G networks in early 2019. Furthermore, 5G phones are being launched by all major phone manufacturers. And, in the near future, even more, people may be able to use 5G. 5G is already available in more than 60 countries, with more on the way. When compared to 4G, we are witnessing significantly faster deployment and adoption. Consumers are ecstatic about the fast speeds and low latency. However, 5G goes beyond these advantages by enabling mission-critical applications, improved mobile broadband, and massive IoT.

5G mobile technology has transformed the way we use cell phones. The user has never previously encountered such high-value technology. Nowadays, mobile phone users are well-versed in cell phone technology. 5G technologies contain a wide range of advanced features, making 5G mobile technology the most powerful and in high demand in the near future. A user may also connect their 5G technology cell phone to their laptop to have access to broadband internet.

There’s more to 5G than smartphones; 5G technology should be able to service a large number of devices in real-time. This will become increasingly important as the number of internet-connected automobiles, environmental sensors, thermostats, and other devices grows in the coming years. Because of 5G’s low latency, it may be possible for surgeons in one place to operate network-connected surgical tools thousands of miles away; medical practitioners may also be able to rely on 5G to swiftly send high-resolution pictures for use in diagnosis and treatment. Manufacturers may utilize 5G networks to remotely monitor manufacturing lines and keep video feeds of their factory floors. Some businesses are leasing their own 5G spectrum and replacing Wi-Fi networks with private 5G networks.

Have a suggestion for our next article or have a question regarding 5G technology? Our Eggsperts are standing by to help. Please contact us by calling (760) 205-0105 or emailing us at tech@eggheadit.com  with your questions or suggestions.

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